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Industrial site selection – 7 Factors to be considered

by Architecture design, Holistic Industrial design, Integrated industrial design0 comments

Industrial site selection is a necessary process that involves considering multiple factors that could affect the working of the industry either while making the factory layout design or during production. It requires suitable tools to enable data gathering, storage, analysis, amalgamation, and knowledge management to address this complex, multifaceted scenario. A few of the factors which can help in the Industrial site selection are,

Location accessibility and infrastructure
Zonal Classification
Site cleaning & clearing
Topo and geotechnical survey
Sewage and effluent discharge
Power and water supply conditions
CNG, LPG, and fuel oil supply conditions

It is necessary to keep into consideration the access to the site. The easily accessible factory is essential not only for the workforce but also for getting raw materials, sending out finished goods. Customers and Suppliers would prefer an easily accessible place.

Zonal Classification

The product to be manufactured in the proposed factory also plays a vital role while selecting the site. The statutory norms prohibit some industries, especially those who are polluting to come up near residential areas.

Site cleaning & clearing

The current situation of the site, including the level of cleaning and clearing necessary, has to be considered while making factory layout design. We should also find any local restrictions on the disposal of material.

Topo and geotechnical survey

A topographic survey and soil test helps ascertain whether the land can be purchased or not. An area with uneven contour may require excavation & /or filling. Soil conditions also determine the type of foundation to be provided for the industry.

Sewage and effluent discharge

Some industrial areas have treatment plants located near them. The utilization of these plants by the industries may reduce the environmental pollution caused by Industries. This will also reduce the burden for the industries of putting up a new treatment plant of its own.

Power and water supply conditions

Before the Industrial site selection, we must check the power supply company and the substation . Considering other factors like incoming lines, the stability of voltage, classified industrial power lines, etc. before the selection of a plot will be helpful for industries in the longer run. The availability and sources of water should be considered. The daily water usage and fire service needs are to be calculated. Then crosscheck the requirements with availability.

CNG, LPG, and fuel oil supply conditions

The availability of a piped supply of Gas is a necessity for many factory layout designs. Many industries use fuel for their process. Dependable supply to the site is an advantage. These factors help in making a decision while selecting an industrial site. Many other commercial factors also impact the Industrial site selection process like – the cost of land, incentives provided by the state, ease of doing business, etc.

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