Preliminary design phase – Schematic developments

by Integrated industrial design, Pre-design


The User Requirement Specification (URS) is co-evolved with the client and the industrial design consultant. The URS is the starting point for the next phase, i.e., the preliminary schematic phase. Therefore, this phase describes the development of engineering solutions to satisfy the requirement of the project.

Schematic Design often produces rough drawings of a site plan, floor plans, elevations, and often illustrative sketches or computer renderings. In-depth Analysis and proper understanding require for both greenfield and brownfield projects. A realistic design that is functional and achievable is a crucial deliverable of this stage. This forms a base for the project.

In the preliminary design plan, Industrial design consultants include the process flow for User Requirement Specification. They ensure that the machinery foundation finalizes at this stage. They discuss all the utilities, process piping, etc. and agree it upon in this phase.

In this stage, designers has to finalize all space requirements. Based on the need and equipment, they allocate the space. Moreover, time & motion study helps evolve the space allocation better.

They decide the site infrastructure like road drains, culverts, perimeter protection, rainwater harvesting, security block, etc. in this phase. Also, they plan the site infrastructure based on the requirement and budget.


Designers have to review the design to ensure that it meets the client’s requirements.They examine the design, keeping in mind the project budget also. This stage helps the client make an informed decision after understanding the design better.

Criteria vs. Constraints

This helps taking steps to ensure that the project is successful. At this stage, they deal with design constraints.The most significant obstacles faced by the industrial design consultants in any project are Schedule, Cost, and Scope. Therefore, any change in one limitation will invariably affect the other two. Keeping these constraints in mind helps increase the odds of completing a project on time within the budget, achieving the project goals.

The system owner, key end-users, and Quality should sign the User Requirements Specifications. Once approved, you can retain the URS according to your organization’s practices for document retention.




Pin It on Pinterest